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Risk assessment and process safety management ebook

Process Hazards Analysis

By Ian Sutton

This 310 page manual is a great enterprise risk management tool related to HAZOP study and process FMEA.

epa, fmea, rmp, and hazop help

Free book sample - Contents

Process Hazards Analysis Ebook
ESBN: C60-802C-2c45-72D2

Process Hazards Analyses (PHAs) are an integral part of any process safety program. If you cannot identify hazards then you can nether remove them nor mitigate against them. This book describes in detail how to run a Process Hazards Analysis, and how to effectively identify hazards. The book focuses on real-world issues such as the role of the leader, team selection,  writing the final report, quantification of risk, and follow-up to findings.

Quotations and topics raised in the book include the following:

  • A PHA leader "comforts the afflicted but afflicts the comfortable"
  • Don't confuse "common cause" with "root cause"
  • If it's not there, it can't leak
  • Deciding whether to focus on high risk or on high consequence hazards
  • The importance of MAWP values
  • Distinguish between Findings, Recommendations and Action Items

hazop Chemical HazardThis book has been reviewed by the authoritative journal Chemical Engineering. A copy of that review (.pdf file, one page) is available. 

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Price:  US$65.00  US$ 59.99

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1
Process Hazards Analysis Basics

      Historical Review
      Elements of a PHA
      Intentional Error
      Process Safety Management
   Standard Worked Example         
   Safe Operating Limits       
      Maximum Allowable Working Pressure
      PHA Team Estimate
      Unsafe Mixing Scenarios       
      Materials of Construction Matrix        
Components of Risk       
      Subjective Nature of Risk
      Experience of Events
      Quantifying Risk
   Risk Matrices        
      Consequence Matrix        
      Frequency Matrix        
      Risk Matrix        
   Hazard Identification      
      Extrapolation Of Experience      
      Creative Thinking      
      Checklists And Standards      
      Formal Logic Analysis         
      Defining A Safeguard
      Levels Of Protection
   Occupational Safety

   PHA Techniques        
Hazard And Operability Method (HAZOP)      
      What-If Method       
      What-If/Checklist Method         
      Failure Modes & Effects Analysis (FMEA)     
Fault Tree Analysis                 
      Other Appropriate Methods 
   Major Hazards Screening       
   Design PHAs         
      Leading a Design PHA
      Sequence of PHAs
      Conceptual Design          
      Preliminary Design      
      Final Design      
      Prestartup Safety Review
      Management of Change         
      Decommissioning / Demolition     
      Insurance PHA

   Strengths And Limitations of PHAs   
      Strengths of PHAs       
      Limitations of PHAs          
   Non-Process Applications


Chapter 2
Organization Of A PHA

   Client / Customer
      Senior Management
      Plant Manager
   Steering Committee
   Corporate Guidance       
   Project Manager
   The PHA Team       
      Operations Personnel
      Process Engineers
      Mechanical/Maintenance/Instrument Personnel 

   Alternative Team Approaches        
   PHA Preparation         
      1. Issue a Charge Letter       
      2. Issue Documentation        
      3. Choose a Meeting Room       
      4. Select Computer System     
      5. Establish The Meeting Rules   
6. Kick-Off Meeting         
   Steps Of A PHA         
      1. Node Selection and Definition     
      2. Process Guideword / Safe Limits       
      3. Identification of Hazards and their Causes     
      4. “Announcement" of the Hazard    
      5. Identification of Safeguards   
      6. Hazard Consequences     
      7. Predicted Frequency of Hazard       
8. Risk Ranking          
      9. Findings         
      10. Next Process Guideword / Node
   Shorter PHAs

Chapter 3
Hazard And Operability Method: HAZOP

   Mechanics of a HAZOP      
      Node Selection        
      Process Guidewords        
      Deviation Guidewords        
      Team Discussion      
Common Issues
      Loss Of Containment
      Reference Previous Nodes      
      High Flow
      Low/No Flow
      Reverse Flow
      High Pressure
      High Temperature
      High Level
   Batch Processes      

Chapter 4
What-If Method

   Node Review      
   Equipment and Function Review
   What-If for Batch Processes      
   Operating Procedures What-If
   Common Scenarios        
Reverse Flow to a Utility Header     
      Survivability of Utilities
Distributed Control Systems        
Water in Hot Liquid          
Blocked-In Pump      
External Fire       
Multiple Uses of Equipment      
Critical Control Valves in Manual      
      Fail Safe Positions
Check Valve Reliability      
Heat Exchanger Tube Failure      
Blocked-In Relief Systems        
Pressure in Relief Headers        
Overload of Overhead Vacuum Lines   
      Underground Piping

Chapter 5
Checklist and FMEA

   Checklist Method         
      Checklist Structure
Checklist Format     
Checklist Questions      
   Failure Modes And Effects Analysis (FMEA)     
      The FMEA Technique
Organization of an FMEA       
      Failure Modes      

Chapter 6
Fault Tree Analysis

   Fault Tree Development
      Top Event       
      Failure / Fault
      OR Gate
      Top Event OR Gate
      Intermediate Events
AND Gate        
      Base Events
      Voting Gate
   Static Model
   Cut Sets
      OR Gate
      AND Gate
      Voting Gate
      Cut Sets
   Risk Ranking
      The Pareto Principle
      Data Quality
      Event Contribution
   Common Cause Effects
   Generic Fault Trees      
      Generic Safety Fault Tree
      Generic Reliability Fault Tree
   Discussion of the Fault Tree Method
   Qualitative Fault Tree

Chapter 7
Reporting and Follow-Up

   Attributes of a Good PHA Report      
      Positive Attitude
   Reporting Organization
   Reporting Process        
      1. Notes Clean-Up
      2. Team Review
      3. Draft Report 
      4. Client Review
      5. Final Report
      6. Follow-Up
   Report Structure
      A. Disclaimer
      B. Summary of Findings
      C. Objective of The PHA
      D. Regulatory Issues
      E. Method Used
      F. The Team
      G. Risk Ranking Technique
      H. Findings and Action Items
      I. Links to the PSM Program
      J. PHA Notes
      K & L. Attachments and References
Report Distribution
   Shorter PHAs
   Writing Guidelines       
Minimalist Writing      
Language Style        
Findings Terminology        
      Writing Quality     
   Report Template
   Findings Management
      1. Create Recommendation(s)
      2. Implement
      3. Close Finding

Chapter 8
Regulations, Standards and Legal Issues
   The OSHA Regulation      
   OSHA Guidance       
   Analysis Of The Regulation      
   Human Factors
      Error Following an Emergency
   EPA Risk Management Program (RMP)
      Tiering / Program Levels
      Covered Chemicals
      Formal Management System
      Community Participation
      Emergency Plan
      Five-Year Accident History
   Legal Issues      
      Follow Up to Findings
      Communication with the Public
      Internal Communication
Letter of Certification        

Chapter 9
Process Safety Management

   Definition Of Process Safety Management
   Process Safety Management Principles
   Process Safety Management Elements
      Element #1 - Employee Participation        
      Element #2 - Process Safety Information        
      Element #3 - Process Hazards Analysis
      Element #4 - Operating Procedures 
Element #5 - Training
Element #6 - Contractors 
Element #7 - Prestartup Safety Review
Element #8 - Mechanical Integrity
Element #9 - Hot Work         
      Element #10 - Management Of Change         
      Element #11 - Incident Investigation
      Element #12 - Emergency Planning And Response
      Element #13 - Compliance Audits
      Element #14 - Trade Secrets
   Revalidating PHAs
   Future PHAs
      Computer Control
      Industry Standards
      Reliability And Quality
      Risk Based Techniques
      Other Industries
      Malicious Acts

Price:  US$65.00  US$ 59.99 

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Automated download system is powered by our preferred method of payment, secure PayPal. If you prefer us to manually process your order or would like to mail or fax order in, please click CD and Book Order Form on our secure servers.

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